As a restaurant owner, you want to make sure that the food tastes good, so your patrons keep coming back. Moreover, it is also your responsibility to know proper fire protection for restaurants procedures to keep your patrons and employees safe.
The National Fire Protection Association reported that about 8,000 fires break out in restaurants and commercial kitchens across the United States each year. These fires cause an average of $270 million of property damage, not to mention injuries and even deaths.
Most restaurant fires originate from cooking equipment. And these devices are usually found in the commercial kitchen. High temperatures, open flames, flammable cooking ingredients, cleaning chemicals - there are many risks for accidentally starting a fire in the kitchen. Thus, it’s only logical that your fire protection for restaurants approach is optimal.
Other causes of restaurant and other food establishment fires include inadequate ventilation, electrical wiring malfunctions, faulty equipment, smoking items, and arson. All of those causes combined show less than 35 percent of all restaurant fires across the country - the rest occur in the commercial kitchen.
Fire Safety Techniques
The best fire protection for restaurants tip is to prevent a blaze from ever happening. Teach your staff how to effectively use a fire extinguisher, how and where to store flammable liquids and materials, and designate daily, weekly, and monthly tasks to avoid fire hazards.
For example, used cardboard boxes and wet and dirty rags should be appropriately disposed of every day. Food, paper products, and boxes should be kept and stored far away from heat or any cooking equipment. Additionally, preparing an emergency plan is critical if ever there is a fire to keep your staff, customers, and establishment safe.
Your restaurant staff should follow fire safety and prevention techniques, such as:
- Regularly cleaning the grilling surfaces, ovens, and vent hoods
- Working in the kitchen wearing appropriate attire; long sleeves rolled up and hair nets and aprons worn
- Never leaving food cooking unattended
- Locking up the doors after business hours to prevent intruders
- Keeping exit routes clear in the event of an evacuation
If a fire breaks out, your staff should also be familiar with the following safety must-dos:
- Activating the fire alarms to alert everyone in the building
- Properly using a fire extinguisher on grease fires; not using water
- Never attempt to extinguish a big fire and knowing when and how to evacuate accordingly
Fire Protection for Restaurants: Preventative Maintenance
Any commercial business should have preventative maintenance plans in place; it is the most helpful and useful way to stop a fire. Since restaurant and commercial kitchens are always at risk of a fire, it’s crucial to have the most effective preventative maintenance and fire protection for restaurants methods available.
This includes acquiring fire extinguishers, fire suppression systems, and keeping all equipment maintenance and inspections up-to-date and up to code. Additionally, as a business owner, you should be familiar with and comply with your state’s fire codes. Work with fire protection companies to help you in every aspect of fire safety.
Fire Suppression System - installing an automatic fire suppression system in commercial kitchens is of utmost importance.
When activated, this fire protection tool will automatically distribute chemicals to subdue a cooking fire and will turn off the electric supply or fuel to other cooking equipment in the kitchen. Your fire suppression systems should have a professional inspection twice a year.
Fire Extinguisher - every establishment - residential or commercial. We will delve deeper into the different types of fire extinguishers and their uses in a future post.
Fire protection for restaurants entail getting Class K extinguishers. These extinguishers are specially built to put out fires caused by oils, grease, and fats.
Furthermore, in rooms of restaurants other than the kitchen, there should be Class ABC extinguishers ready to use. These extinguishers are used for fires that occur involving wood, electrical, or paper.
Scheduled Inspections and Maintenance - as with every type of business, a food establishment should have regular maintenance and inspections for all their electrical devices. Restaurant owners and business managers should also be familiar with any electrical fire hazards and how to handle them.
Aside from the cooking equipment, exhaust systems should be checked for grease buildup monthly. High-volume kitchen operations should be inspected once every three months, while moderate-volume operations should be inspected once every six months.